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Male vs Female Bearded Dragons

Male Vs Female Bearded Dragons: How To Tell Them Apart

One of the most popular reptile pets, bearded dragons are often bought without knowledge of their gender. If you want to make sure your pet is getting the proper care and nutrition, it is important to distinguish between male and female bearded dragons. While there are some obvious physical differences between males and females, there are also other indicators that can help tell them apart.

Visual Appearance

When it comes to determining the gender of a bearded dragon, the size of its tail is often the most accurate indicator. Females tend to have longer and thicker tails than males, while males usually have skinnier tails with pointed tips. Additionally, male bearded dragons often have larger heads with more prominent jowls when compared to females.

Behavioral Differences

Male and female bearded dragons may display different behaviors as well. Male bearded dragons are typically more active and aggressive than females, which is why they need larger enclosures with plenty of space for roaming around. On the other hand, female bearded dragons are calmer and more docile, so they don’t require as much space for exercise.


Another way to differentiate between male and female bearded dragons is by observing their temperament. Females tend to be more tolerant of handling and can usually be held for longer periods of time. Males, on the other hand, may become agitated when handled due to their territorial nature.

What Are The Pros and Cons of Owning a Male vs Female Bearded Dragon?

Bearded dragons are an excellent pet choice for reptile enthusiasts, treasured for their laid-back demeanors and outgoing personalities. But when it comes to the question of which gender is best suited to life as a pet, there are both pros and cons to be considered. Knowing the differences between male and female bearded dragons can help you make an educated decision when selecting your new friend. In this article, we’ll delve into the facts to discuss the pros and cons of owning both a male and female bearded dragon.

Bearded Dragons

Pros of Owning a Male Bearded Dragon

Males tend to be larger than females, so they require more space. This means they need either a larger enclosure or several smaller habitats if living together with other lizards. A larger enclosure also allows for more activities, such as climbing and basking in the sun, which can provide hours of entertainment for owners.

Males are often more confident than females due to their size advantage; this makes them bolder and less afraid to explore their environment. They may even show signs of comfort with handling sooner than females who tend to remain skittish until they become accustomed to their surroundings.

Male dragons often display beautiful colors and patterns on their bodies that females do not have. Certain morphs (genetically modified colorations) will only appear in males, making them highly sought after by enthusiasts looking for something special in their collections.

Pros of Owning a Female Bearded Dragon

Female bearded dragons tend to be gentler than males so they make great companions for those wanting a calmer reptilian friend. As mentioned before, they usually take longer to warm up to handling but once they’ve bonded with their owner can become one of the most loyal pets around!

Females also require slightly less space than males since they typically reach smaller sizes when fully grown; this could translate into savings on habitat costs over time since you won’t need as large an enclosure or multiple habitats in order for her to thrive.

They also possess greater reproductive potential which could make them an attractive option for breeders looking to expand their collections or add new lineages from existing captive individuals within their own enclosures.

Cons of Owning a Male-Bearded Dragon

Male bearded dragons can sometimes become overly aggressive during mating season; this could mean increased defensive behavior (hissing or biting) towards both humans and other reptiles if housed together at any point during this time period. They’re also far more likely than females when it comes to territory marking, where scent glands located near his vent will secrete pheromones onto nearby objects (including furniture). This can lead to some expensive clean-up bills if not dealt with quickly!

Additionally, some male dragons may develop ‘head bobbing’ behavior while trying to establish dominance; while generally harmless, it can cause stress on both your pet and yourself if left unchecked.

Finally, due to their relatively large size when compared with females, males may require more frequent food intake in order to maintain health – something that should be taken into account when budgeting for supplies.

Cons of Owning a Female Bearded Dragon

The main con associated with owning female bearded dragons is that they may come into heat (ovulate ) at random times throughout the year – usually triggered by changes in temperature or environment. During such times she may become extremely temperamental, refusing food or acting out against handlers due to hormonal imbalances within her body.

She may also require extra calcium supplementation during egg-laying seasons, as deficiencies in this mineral can lead to the faster weakening of bones which could result in fractures down the line. Supplements should always be discussed with your veterinarian prior to being administered so as not to disrupt her natural dietary needs!

Common Health Issues Affecting Both Male and Female Bearded Dragons

Bearded dragons are fascinating creatures, but like any pet, they can experience health issues that need to be addressed. Fortunately, with proper care and attention, you can help your bearded dragon stay healthy and active. Here are some common health issues affecting both male and female bearded dragons that you should be familiar with.

Bearded Dragon

Signs of Illness

The first step to detecting any health issue in your bearded dragon is keeping an eye out for signs of illness. These may include changes in behavior such as not being as active as usual, lack of appetite, or changes in the color of the skin or eyes. Other signs include unusual discharge from the nose or mouth, a lump on the body, swelling around the head or neck area, and difficulty breathing. If you notice any of these symptoms in your pet, it’s important to take them to a reptile veterinarian right away for further evaluation and treatment.

Proper Nutrition

Providing proper nutrition is essential for maintaining good health in your bearded dragon. In general, a balanced diet should consist of live insects (such as crickets or mealworms), vegetables such as broccoli or collard greens, and fruits such as mangoes or melons, occasionally supplemented by commercially prepared food for reptiles. Avoid feeding your bearded dragon dairy products since they are unable to digest these properly; instead, opt for plant-based proteins such as tofu or tempeh. Additionally, make sure that fresh water is available at all times and that your dragon has access to a calcium supplement regularly.

Metabolic Bone Disease

Metabolic bone disease (MBD) is one of the most common ailments in captive reptiles—it occurs when there is an imbalance between calcium intake and phosphorus intake leading to weakened bones and joints due to mineral deficiencies. MBD can cause softening of bones along with swelling around the head or limbs due to inadequate levels of vitamin D3 which helps regulate calcium absorption from food sources. To prevent MBD in bearded dragons it’s important to provide adequate sunlight exposure each day (at least 8-12 hours) along with providing a variety of calcium sources such as gut-loaded insects several times per week; speak to your vet if you have concerns about this issue.


It’s also important to watch out for parasites in your bearded dragon—these can range from internal parasites such as roundworms and tapeworms which feed off their host animal’s blood supply causing anemia and malnutrition; externally visible parasites include mites which look like small red dots on their skin; lice which appear white-ish grayish specks; ticks which may look like small moving bumps on the skin; and even flies which lay eggs on their hide causing irritation and infection risk if left untreated. Parasites should always be treated immediately upon detection – discuss treatment options with your vet who may recommend over-the-counter medications or other remedies depending on the severity of the infestation present.

Respiratory Infections

Respiratory infections are another potential concern among bearded dragons these occur when bacteria accumulate within the lungs leading to difficulty breathing, lethargy, and loss of appetite among other symptoms including mucus around eyes/nose/mouth area and labored breathing sounds heard through stethoscope exam at a vet office visit.


By paying attention to the physical and behavioral differences between male and female bearded dragons, you can easily determine which gender your pet belongs to. Knowing the gender of your beardie will help you provide them with the proper care they need in order to remain healthy and happy!

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