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how to tell the gender of a bearded dragon

How To Tell The Gender Of A Bearded Dragon: 5 Tactics – Reptile-Guide

Do you want to know if your bearded dragon is male or female? It can be tricky, but it is possible to tell the gender of your beloved pet. Luckily, there are several ways that you can figure out the gender of a bearded dragon.

tell the gender of a bearded dragon

Visual Clues

One way to tell the gender of a bearded dragon is by looking for visual clues. Male bearded dragons have larger heads than females and their beards will turn black when they are feeling threatened or excited. In addition, males tend to have more prominent spikes on their backs and they have wider tails than females. Females typically have thin tails and less noticeable spikes on their backs.

Cloacal Protrusion

Another way to tell the gender of a bearded dragon is by looking at its cloaca, which is located near the base of its tail. The cloaca serves as an opening for both excretion and reproduction in reptiles. In males, you should be able to see two small bumps known as hemipenal bulges located just behind the vent (cloaca). These bumps are not visible in females because they lack hemipenes. It’s important to note that this method requires careful observation since these bumps may only be visible when your bearded dragon feels threatened or excited.

Probing Method

If you want to know for sure whether your bearded dragon is male or female, then you might want to try using the probing method. This method involves gently inserting a thin metal probe into your beardie’s vent (cloaca) until it reaches its hemipenis (for males). If the probe slides into two distinct holes, then your beardie is male; if it slides into one hole, then it’s female. While this method might sound a bit intimidating at first, it’s actually very simple and easy once you get the hang of it just make sure that you use caution when doing it!

Exploring the Differences Between Male and Female Bearded Dragons

Bearded dragons are a type of lizard found in Australia, popularly kept as an exotic pets. As is true with many animal species, bearded dragons display distinct sexually dimorphic characteristics that can be used to determine their gender. Although most people think of color differences as the best method for discerning a bearded dragon’s gender, there are actually other physical indicators that can be used to tell male from female. Examining these characteristics is the key to understanding how to accurately sex your pet lizard.

gender of a bearded dragon

Gender-Specific Coloration

The most obvious difference between male and female bearded dragons is in their coloration. Males typically display brighter colors than females, usually featuring shades of orange and yellow that tend to become more intense during the breeding season. Females typically have more muted colors and lack the intense pigmentations of males. This color difference often becomes especially noticeable right around the breeding season when males will darken up and show much brighter hues than females.

Spines and Pygmy Ridges

In addition to coloration, males also have noticeably larger spines along their backs compared to females, especially on the neck area where there may be as much as three times more spines present in males than in females. The size of these spines can help differentiate adult males from adult females but should not be relied upon for younger specimens since juvenile bearded dragons have yet to undergo sexual maturation. Males also possess a small row of spikes known as pygmy ridges under their chins which are absent in females.

Hemipenal Bulge

Another readily observable trait used to identify male bearded dragons is a hemipenal bulge located just above the tail base near the cloaca (the opening where waste materials are expelled). This bulge appears during the breeding season but may not be visible at other times due to its elastic nature; it will increase or decrease in size depending on whether or not the dragon is preparing for mating activities or general activity respectively. Males who do not exhibit this bulge should still produce sperm when examined under a microscope so they can still reproduce even in its absence!

Tail Length

Lastly, tail length differs between genders as well with males boasting longer tails than their female counterparts by about 10-15%. This difference can easily be seen when comparing two mature specimens side by side; however, distinguishing between genders may prove difficult if both lizards are still juveniles since tail length does not reach full maturity until around 18 months of age for most species. Generally speaking though, males tend to have tails that extend beyond the end of their ventral scales (scales along the underside) while female tails usually fall short of them by about an inch or so.


Figuring out the gender of your beloved pet can be tricky but with some patience and practice, you can accurately determine whether your bearded dragon is male or female! Visual clues such as size and spikes are helpful indicators but if you want absolute certainty then try using either a cloacal protrusion or probing methods. Remember always use caution when trying these methods so that you do not harm your pet in any way! By following these steps, soon enough you’ll be able to confidently say whether your bearded dragon buddy is a boy or a girl!

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