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How To Take Care Of A Box Turtle – Reptile-Guide

Taking care of a turtle can be both rewarding and educational. Box turtles are interesting and beautiful reptiles that require knowledge and dedication to provide ideal care. This article will explore the necessary steps for properly caring for a box turtle, from setting up the enclosure to providing proper nutrition.

Take care of a box turtle


Your box turtle will need at least a 40-gallon terrarium or plastic tub with a secure lid. The bottom of the enclosure should be filled with 3-4 inches of moistened soil, sphagnum moss, and other organic materials such as leaves. There should also be plenty of shade plants, logs, and rocks for your turtle to hide under and explore. You can also provide a shallow water dish for swimming and drinking, but make sure that it is shallow enough so that your turtle cannot drown or become trapped in it.

Temperature & Humidity

Box turtles require an environment with specific temperature and humidity levels. During the day the basking area should reach up to 90 degrees F (32 C). At night it should be kept between 70-75 degrees F (21-24 C). The humidity level in the enclosure should range from 65%-80%.


A balanced diet is essential for keeping your box turtle healthy. Provide a variety of foods, including dark leafy greens, fruits, and insects such as crickets or mealworms. You may also supplement their diet with commercial reptile pellets or supplements. Feeding once a day is usually sufficient; however, younger turtles need to be fed more often.

Health Care

You should regularly check your box turtle’s health by looking for signs of illness such as listlessness and loss of appetite. Additionally, regular vet visits are important for detecting health issues early.

The Essential Requirements for Setting Up the Perfect Box Turtle Habitat

When it comes to creating a habitat for your box turtle, the most important factor is size. Your pet needs room to roam – so make sure you accommodate them with an enclosure that is at least 12 feet long and 5 feet wide. If you have multiple turtles, think about doubling or even tripling the size of their home. You should also consider adding substrates like organic soil, sand, or moss for your turtle to explore and dig in. You can also add plants and other decorations to enrich their environment.

Providing Shelter

Your pet will need both a warm spot (like a rock) and a cool spot (like a shallow pool of water) within its habitat. Both of these should be provided and you may even need to provide an additional heat source such as an incandescent light bulb. Make sure to keep the temperature between 70-85 degrees Fahrenheit for your turtle’s comfort.

Providing Food

Your pet will need a variety of food items to stay healthy, so make sure to provide them with a balanced diet that includes protein, plant matter, and calcium sources. You can feed them small amounts throughout the day or offer one large meal every other day. Also, never forget to supplement their diet with vitamins and minerals in the form of supplements or cuttlebone.

Cleaning Their Habitat

Keeping your pet’s habitat clean is essential for their health and well-being. You should clean their enclosure at least once a week, removing any uneaten food or waste while replacing the substrate if needed. This will help to keep your turtle safe and healthy, so don’t forget this important step!

10 Tips For Feeding Your Box Turtle The Right Diet

Box turtles are unique and interesting reptiles that require special attention when it comes to their diet. An improper diet can lead to a variety of health issues, so it’s important to understand the specific needs of your box turtle in order to give them the best possible nutrition. Below are 10 tips for feeding your box turtle the right diet!

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Box turtle

Variety is Important

A good rule of thumb for feeding your box turtle is to provide variety in their diet. Providing them with several types of food items will help ensure that they’re getting all of the necessary nutrients and vitamins they need to stay healthy and happy. Offer a wide range of fruits, vegetables, and insects as well as occasional non-animal proteins such as eggs or fish.

Gut-Load Insects

Gut-loading refers to feeding insects prior to feeding them to your box turtle. This helps ensure that the insect contains higher levels of nutrients for your pet than if you fed them directly from outdoors or from a store-bought container. Feeding gut-loaded insects will also provide more balanced nutrition since there are many different types of micronutrients that cannot be found in plant sources alone.

Avoid Animal Proteins With High-Fat Content

Animal proteins such as beef, pork, chicken, fish, and eggs have higher fat content than other sources of protein; therefore it is important not to feed these high-fat proteins on a regular basis in order to avoid digestive issues or weight gain in your box turtle. If you must feed animal proteins, opt for lean options like whitefish or shrimp instead.

Remove Uneaten Food Right Away

Uneaten food that has been sitting out too long can quickly become contaminated with bacteria which can make your box turtle sick; therefore it’s important to remove any uneaten food from their enclosure immediately after they finish eating it so that it does not attract pests or contaminate the area with bacteria. It is also important not to overfeed them as this can lead to weight gain or indigestion issues if left unchecked over time.

Supplement Their Diet With Calcium

Calcium plays an essential role in helping keep a box turtle’s shell strong and healthy; therefore supplementing their diet with calcium powder sprinkled onto food items every few days will help ensure adequate amounts are being consumed by your pet regularly throughout its life span.. This can be supplemented through either natural sources such as crushed eggshells sprinkled onto food items or through synthetic calcium powder sold at most pet stores (just make sure you follow package instructions correctly).

Feed Different Types of Vegetables & Fruits

In addition to providing variety in their protein sources, providing variety among vegetables and fruits is also essential for providing optimal nutrition for your box turtle’s dietary needs! Opting for dark leafy greens like kale, collard greens, spinach, etc., along with sweet potatoes; squash; apples; melons; berries; bananas; pears; etc., can offer great nutrient diversity while still providing enough calories and fiber needed each day!

Offer Live Insects Every Now & Then

Though offering live insects should typically only be done sparingly due to potential health risks posed by these wild sources, offering live bugs every now and then can provide an exciting treat while also supplying important vitamins and minerals such as zinc which aren’t found readily in plant sources alone! Just make sure you monitor closely after offering live bugs just in case any have diseases before giving them out again next time!

Provide Clean Water Daily

Making sure there is clean water available at all times should always be a top priority when caring for a box turtle this includes changing out the water daily (or multiple times per day depending on how much water is offered) along with cleaning any accessories used inside the enclosure at least once a week (such as basking platforms). By following these steps you’ll help reduce potential contamination from harmful substances entering their environment due to unclean water supplies!

Provide UVB Lighting For 12 Hours A Day

Ultraviolet B lighting (UVB) is necessary for synthesizing vitamin D3 within a reptile’s body which allows them to absorb calcium properly without proper UVB lighting exposure about 12 hours per day many reptiles risk developing metabolic bone disease due to lack of Vitamin D3 absorption which leads serious health concerns down the line if not treated properly! Therefore making sure proper UVB lighting is present within their habitat at all times would go a long way toward keeping your pet’s shell nice & strong over time!!


Taking proper care of a box turtle requires knowledge and dedication. Setting up the enclosure with adequate temperature, humidity levels, and organic materials such as soil and moss will create an environment in which your box turtle can thrive. Additionally, providing a balanced diet with dark leafy greens, fruits, insects, commercial reptile pellets or supplements is necessary for optimal health. Regular vet visits are also important for detecting any potential health issues early on. With careful consideration and attention to detail, you can be sure to keep your pet box turtle happy and healthy.

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